- On 03/09/2015
The “modern” wooden “Pinisi ‘kind has-been derived from similar craft-have-been in use That in and around Indonesia for several centuries. Depending Some sources-have similar kinds Existed prior to the 1500’s, Such As the Arabian Dhow.
The sailing ‘Pinisi’ hull form in Many Ways Resembles a cross between two traditional American sailing vessel type, the Pinky Schooner and the Tancook Whaler, Even Though the ‘Pinisi’ pre-dates the type of hull Those Western hull forms by centuries … In –other words, in original form icts the ‘Pinisi’ was a double-ended hull kind Having Sharply raked stem and stern post. There Was not a centerline rudder HOWEVER, as with the American craft. Instead the local Indonesian craft in the past Most Often made use of twin rudders, one on Each aft quarter.
Both used and transportation-have-have cargo vessels, the craft we are calling ‘Pinisi’ (variously spelled Pinissi, Pinisiq, gold Phinisi) -have traditionally-been built on the beach, Where the logs-have come from the forests of Sulawesi (Celebes ) and Kalimantan (Borneo), Then the boat transported to building sites.
Historically, several interesting rituals and ceremonies-have beens share of building Such a vessel, Beginning with choosing the right trees for critical parts of the structure. Just as with traditional wooden boat building in the West, various rituals Throughout The continuous building process to initiate and celebrate Each internship, Such As the importance of the keel laying all.
The ‘Pinisi’ Tradition
A few clarifications of terminology are in order …
The Builders: Although the builders of These craft are lumped under the category of Commonly Bugis peoples, There Are sub-sets of cultural oven boat builders to be separately distinguished in South Sulawesi (per the writings of Horst Liebner). The primary groups are the Konjo of the southern tip of South Sulawesi (from near the towns of Ara, Bira, and Tanah Biru), the Mandar of West Sulawesi to the north of Makassar, the Bugis from the area near Wajo on the eastern shore of the Gulf of Bone (the central gulf between the two halves of Sulawesi), and the Makassarese from the area around the city of Makassar. Among thesis groups, the Konjo of South Sulawesi APPEAR to-have Had the Most Influential and primary role as boat builders.
The Vessels: Technically, the term ‘Pinisi’ Refers to the rig Itself. In Particular ‘Pinisi’ Refers to the usual kind of gaff-ketch rig. Locally this rig is Referred to as a “seven sail schooner” even though the aft gaff sail is Slightly smaller than the gaff sail forward, in fact making it a ketch rig.
Per Horst Liebner, the proper term for the sharp-stern sailing craft is ‘Palari’ or ‘lambda’ Among the Konjo boat builders of South Sulawesi. When the stem and stern post are straight, and are set at a Sharply raked angle to the keel, the hull form is the ‘lambda’ as Opposed to the ‘Palari `which make use of curved timbers for Both stem and stern.
Since the term ‘Pinisi’ has come to be Commonly Applied to the hull form as well, We Will use the word ‘Pinisi’ here to Refer to the sailing hull kind for the Purposes of our Thread …
These ‘Pinisi’ traditionally-have-been-built in a variety of sizes. Although in the past the craft tended to be smaller, it is not uncommon to find 30 to 40 meter vessels under construction, with an occasional Pinisi ranging up to around 50 meters (165 feet close to on deck) or larger.
The Widespread use of a Sharply raked stem and stern post is simply the practical result of making efficient use of the timber lengths can be conveniently That Brought down from the forest. In this way the vessel can be quite broad and still-have a Relatively modest length of keel timber. Conveniently, it also Makes Them very good sea boats!
Many in Indonesian boat rental building, good timber HAS Become difficulty to obtain, The The Therefore Costly. Many builders-have Begun using shorting and shorting timbers, and resulting and in a Compromised hull structure, PARTICULARLY in larger craft. With Many of the ritual ceremonies Becoming less and less common, Some That May suggest this too HAS conspired Against the longevity of the ships.
One very significant improvement in the quality of available timber has-been made feasible by the Konjo Themselves builders. . . The builders of larger vessels Actually re-located-have! Quite a number of the Konjo builders from Southwest Sulawesi-have simply Moved, in order to be close to larger supplies of good quality timber.
In so doing, the builders of Southwest Sulawesi-have literally carved a new building site and a new town out of the jungle in Kalimantan (Borneo). Several new building site in Kalimantan Selatan are Located (South Kalimantan) and Kalimantan Timur (East Kalimantan), on the banks of rivers close to the supply of timbers. It is here That They Have beens reliable to get the size and quality of timbers Necessary for building wooden vessels of up to 50 meters or so in length.
Presently (2008) the boatbuilding in Kalimantan Selatan website-have fallen out of favor. Reviews Reviews The most advanced of These Sought-builders have new websites Kalimantan Timur Located in farther. These newly Favored locations are in the areas of Sangkulirang and Berau. When Asked about this our friend and master builder Pak Tandra simply says, “We are boat builders. We Will always follow the wood!”